Name of treatment

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Type of treatment Counselling
Claims for treatment

CBT makes use of a series of techniques such as relaxation, imagery modification, discussion of the evidence for and against the beliefs to change the patient’s pattern of behaviour and/or thinking.

How treatment is delivered Individual or group sessions, usually once a week for a period of 8-24 weeks
Potential negative consequences

No side effects were reported in CBT clinical trials with tinnitus patients [1]; Cost (if accessed privately)

Evidence offered

Papers available 8 (as in Cochrane review) [1].
Conclusions drawn CBT has been shown to reduce depression and improve the quality of life of tinnitus patients. [1].
Quality of evidence [2]


Does the BTA recommend this treatment? Yes
BTA opinion on this treatment CBT has been shown to be one of the most effective treatments available to reduce the distress from tinnitus and increase the quality of life.
Would the BTA support further studies into this treatment? Yes, if study innovative and of high quality 
Verdict: Safety. Is this treatment harmful?

Regarded as safe

Verdict: Efficacy. Does this treatment work?

 Evidence of effectiveness

[1] Martinez-Devesa P, Perera R, Theodoulou M, Waddell A. Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD005233.DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005233.pub3.

[2] A = Systematic review/meta analysis. B = Randomised control studies. C = Cohort studies. D = Case control studies. E = case studies/reports. +/- to be used to indicate quality within bands

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Updated 15 April 2019

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